Within Chaco Culture National Historical Park are numerous trails to explore the archaeological ruins within Chaco Canyon and surrounding mesas. Visitors to Chaco Culture National Historical Park traverse a rocky, 20-mile roadway to reach its entrance and are rewarded with ancient, dun-colored ruins that blend into a quiet canyon. Their descendants are the modern Southwest Indians. One of the most remarkable aspects of Chaco Culture, at least from a modern perspective, is the extensive system of finely engineered roads both within the canyon and extending out a considerable distance to the outlying sites throughout the San Juan Basin and beyond. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. Chaco Culture Information. Was Chaco the hub of a turquoise-trading network established to acquire macaws, copper bells, shells, and other commodities from distant lands? Yet this valley was the center of a thriving culture a thousand years ago. The Chacoan sites are part of the homeland of Pueblo Indian peoples of New Mexico, the Hopi Indians of Arizona, and the Navajo Indians of the Southwest. Lines of sight between the great houses allowed communication. In 1980, Public Law 96-550 was passed, which expanded the monument boundaries and changed it to Chaco Culture National Historical Park. During the middle and late 800s, the great houses of Pueblo Bonito, Una Vida, and Peñasco Blanco were constructed, followed by Hungo Pavi, Chetro Ketl, Pueblo Alto, and others. [1]. Sophisticated astronomical markers, communication features, water control devices, and formal earthen mounds surrounded them. Nome como inscrito na lista do Património Mundial. Chaco Culture National Historical Park, area of Native American ruins in northwestern New Mexico, U.S. Become a Friend of Chaco Culture Conservancy. It is thought that the great houses were not traditional farming villages occupied by large populations. Voir le plan de situation de Chaco Culture NHP. Chaco Culture National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park hosting the densest and most exceptional concentration of pueblos in the American Southwest. Adding such historical bounty is the cherry on the cake. These roads are remarkably side, straight, and carefully constructed. Le parc est bien indiqué. Chaco Culture National Historical Park is situated in a remote canyon cut by the Chaco Wash, about 159 miles (256 km) northwest of Albuquerque, New Mexico. Aztec Ruins National Monument located directly north, 55 miles, as the crow flies, in the town of Aztec, NM. Trails to Chetro Ketl, Pueblo Bonito, and Pueblo del Arroyo are ADA accessible. Although each is unique, all great houses share architectural features that make them recognizable as Chacoan. La piste est large, roulante, accessible à tout véhicule, y compri… Chaco Culture NHP se situe à 155 miles au Nord-Ouest d'Albuquerque, 95 miles au Nord de Gallup et 62 miles au Sud de Bloomfield. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. O Parque Histórico Nacional da Cultura Chaco é um parque histórico nacional localizado no noroeste do Novo México, nos Estados Unidos. In addition to its spectacular archaeological resources, the park is naturally significant as one of the few protected areas in the San Juan Basin. It is an island of biodiversity, home to plants and wildlife that have been significantly affected by grazing, mineral extraction, and other land-use activities in the surrounding area. Chaco Culture National Historical Park, National Park Service United States A Presidential Proclamation created Chaco Canyon National Monument in 1907 to preserve and protect the "extensive prehistoric communal or pueblo ruins . 15 mil curtidas. The structures demonstrate the high skill of the Chacoan people, with sophisticated architecture and construction methods. We may never fully understand Chaco. ... Chaco Culture National Historical Park, National Park Service United States ... Chaco Culture National Historical Park, National Park Service Chaco Culture National Historical Park is managed by the National Park Service, a federal agency within the Department of the Interior; neighboring federal lands hosting Chacoan roads are controlled by the Bureau of Land Management. The buildings were placed within a landscape surrounded by sacred mountains, mesas, and shrines that still have deep spiritual meaning for their descendants. Chaco is central to the origins of several Navajo clans and ceremonies. Dozens of great houses in Chaco Canyon were connected by roads to more than 150 great houses throughout the region. They may instead have been impressive examples of "public architecture" that were used periodically during times of ceremony, commerce, and trading when temporary populations came to the canyon for these events. From it, emanated 3 routes, the northern route that arrived to Twin Angels and Salmon Ruins, and the 2 southern routes, in connection with Ruddy Water and San Mateo. Chaco Culture National Historical Park, Nageezi. Chaco Canyon was a major center of Puebloan culture between AD 850 and 1250. Este texto é disponibilizado nos termos da licença. In time, the people shifted away from Chacoan ways, migrated to new areas, reorganized their world, and eventually interacted with foreign cultures. Esta página foi editada pela última vez às 00h55min de 4 de novembro de 2020. In addition, there are four back country trails that take you to remote pueblo sites. What was at the heart of this great social experiment? Chaco Culture National Historical Park preserves one of America's richest and most facinating cultural and historic areas. These structures were often oriented to solar, lunar, and cardinal directions. Chaco's influence continued at Aztec, Mesa Verde, the Chuska Mountains, and other centers to the north, south, and west. The cultural flowering of the Chacoan people began in the mid 800s and lasted more than 300 years. This setting was a thriving trade and political center for thousands of Chacoan people from A.D. 850-1250. of extraordinary interest because of their number and their great size and because of the innumerable and valuable relics of a prehistoric people which they contain." Chaco Canyon National Monument was created by legislation on March 11, 1907, under the auspices of the 1906 Antiquities Act. The sight of elks is probably rare when the place is full of people. UNESCO World heritage Sites: Chaco Culture. Transcript: Welcome to the 365 days in archaeology podcast. Even without the presence of kivas and 1-4 story buildings, the canyon alone is beautiful. Just before the entrance, we were greeted by two elks and a hare. Sign Up for e-mail newsletters. Many of the ruins in Chaco are in good condition and there are fewer visitors due to the conditions of the access roads. Contém os restos mais importantes da cultura Chaco, que atingiu seu apogeu entre aproximadamente 1020 e 1110. The buildings were planned from the start, in contrast to the usual practiced of adding rooms to existing structures as needed. We can see it clearly in the grand scale of the architecture. We looked for ancient symbols and characters on the Petroglyph Trail near Pueblo Bonito’s cliff. . Foi caracterizado como um sistema muito elaborado de habitações urbanas cercado por aldeias unidos por uma rede de estradas. The first evidence of long-term human settlement in Chaco Canyon dates to the 3rd century CE with the construction of partially subterranean homes known as pithouses, structures which eventually were clustered together to form large villages. Did Chaco distribute food and resources to growing populations when the climate failed them? According to the trail guide, “Chaco is the only known place in the world where the techniques of pecking, incising, abrading and drilling were all combined in a single image,” that of a bird. https://www.alltrails.com/.../chaco-culture-national-historical-park The park protects many of these impressive structures and is one of the largest collections of ancestral sites north of Mexico. International Dark Sky Park On August 19, 2013 Chaco Culture was officially designated an International Dark Sky Park. It is situated some 45 miles (70 km) south of Bloomfield and about 55 miles (90 km) northeast of Gallup. Chaco is one of the most important archaeological sites in the US. As inhabitants became increasingly integrated, single-story multi-room buildings began to appear in the 8th century CE among pithouse villages. Chaco Culture National Historical Park. Chaco Culture National Historical Park was first established as a national monument in 1907 to preserve and tell the story of Chaco Canyon, which continues to be an important cultural center for tribal communities today. Chaco is also an enduring enigma for researchers. This setting was a thriving trade and political center for thousands of Chacoan people from A.D. 850-1250. Chaco Culture National Historical Park, Nageezi, New Mexico. Pueblo descendants say that Chaco was a special gathering place where many peoples and clans converged to share their ceremonies, traditions, and knowledge. The Chaco Canyon, on which is located the Historical National Park, offers along its 10 miles the largest concentration of archeological vestiges from this part of the Pueblo Indians. Chaco Culture National Historical Park is the high-desert home to some 60 elk. Contém os restos mais importantes da cultura Chaco, que atingiu seu apogeu entre aproximadamente 1020 e 1110. Its sphere of influence was extensive. Deux accès sont possibles, tous deux par des routes non goudronnées : 1. par le Nord (recommandé) : à Bloomfield, prendre la route US550 vers le Sud. Constructions on some of these buildings spanned decades and even centuries. In the 2002–2003 fiscal year, … Kluane/Wrangell-St Elias/Baía Glacier/Tatshenshini-Alsek, Sítio Histórico Estadual dos Cahokia Mounds, Fortaleza e Sítio Histórico de San Juan em Porto Rico, Parque Nacional das Grandes Montanhas Fumegantes, Universidade da Virgínia em Charlottesville, Parque Histórico Nacional da Cultura Chaco, Parque Internacional da Paz Waterton-Glacier, Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front, https://pt.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Parque_Histórico_Nacional_da_Cultura_Chaco&oldid=59726354, Parques históricos nacionais dos Estados Unidos, Patrimônio Mundial da UNESCO nos Estados Unidos, !Páginas que usam hiperligações mágicas ISBN, !Artigos destacados na Wikipédia em inglês, !Artigos destacados na Wikipédia em hebraico, Atribuição-CompartilhaIgual 3.0 Não Adaptada (CC BY-SA 3.0) da Creative Commons, A Grande Kiva de Chetro Ketl no Parque Histórico Nacional da Cultura Chaco. O parque está localizado no noroeste do Novo México, entre Albuquerque e Farmington , em um remoto cânion cortado pelo Chaco Wash (um riacho seco). Today we’re going to talk about an archaeological wonder of the American Southwest. Chaco Culture National Historical Park preserves five Chacoan "great houses" where people from various clans congregated to trade goods, share ideas and celebrate events a thousand years ago. Was Chaco "the center place," binding a region together by a shared vision? The monumental scale of its architecture, the complexity of its community life, the high level of its community social organization, and its far-reaching commerce created a cultural vision unlike any other seen before or since. Rome2rio makes travelling from Denver to Chaco Culture National Historical Park easy. Google Arts & Culture features content from over 2000 leading museums and archives who have partnered with the Google Cultural Institute to bring the world's treasures online. 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