Cross-pollination can be achieved by planting another Asian Pear Variety within 50 feet of your 20th Century Asian Pear Tree. Also known as Nijisseiki, 20th Century pears are one of the most popular Japanese pear varieties in the world and are known for their crisp, juicy flavor. Product photos via Arbico Organics, Burpee, Home Depot, Nature Hills Nursery, and Plantskydd. You’ll either have to rely on a spray-application repellent like Plantskydd, which you can find on Amazon, or you’ll have to build a fence, which the article above shows you how to do. They’ll retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor. This will also help to keep the height manageable. The primary issues with 20th This Asian pear’s skin is a beautiful yellow-green color. With its round apple shape and juicy-sweet butterscotch flavor, this variety is the one most commonly found in grocery stores (when you can find them!). Keep the soil moist until your area’s first wintertime freeze, especially in the sapling’s first few years of growth. Currently, it is the third most planted pear after “Kosui” and “Hosui”; however, these cultivars were bred from “20th Century”, so Kakunosuke’s achievement continues to shine. The fruits are medium to large, golden yellow and sweetly juicy with Learn about growing 20th Century Asian pears for those of us that don’t live in warm regions. Or, plant a dwarf or standard-sized cultivar straight into the ground for a beautiful and tasty addition to your landscape. Japan but is now relegated to third place. The original tree was designated as a national monument in 1935. If you’d rather freeze your pears to puree later for smoothies or baking, you can do that too. Pairings that work well together for pollination purposes are: Asian pears can also cross-pollinate with European pears. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. The plant does have an Achilles heel but, with good care, it surpasses Century are alternaria black spot, fire Harvest Dates. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Lay the slices on a greased cookie sheet. As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in Or make the task easy by filling it with premixed raised bed soil, like Vermont Organics Raised Bed Recharge available from the Home Depot. Recommended chill between 300-400 hours. tolerant. The 20th Century Asian pear tree requires a different pear variety for pollination. Peel them, core them, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces. With 300-400 chill hours required each winter at 45°F or below, this is the perfect tree for those in cooler climes. Plus, it’s nice to have the option to move it from one place to another, especially if you live in Zones 8 or 9, where you have to make sure to keep your tree cool in the summertime. Asian pears ripen on the tree, so when the fruit is the size, color, and firmness it’s supposed to be at maturity, it’s ready for picking. I’ll be sure to fence for deer soon…. Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. Other methods of propagation include micropropagation via tissue cultures. Or they can be stored in the refrigerator, where they’ll keep for – wait for it – several months. States Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 9. problems can be minimized or even avoided. If you live in Zones 8 or 9, select a site that receives partial afternoon shade to help temper the effect of the heat. fruit to avoid stressing the branches and get larger, healthier pears. The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is a tiny brownish-green pest that causes damage to foliage and usually only bothers a tree if it is water-stressed. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. 20th Century is a small, easy to grow, heavy bearing tree. this is a long lived tree with good care and can last at least another 20th Century (Nijisseki) - This is the best flavored and most popular Asian pear in Japan and California.It originated in Japan in about 1900 and was responsible for the high popularity of pears in Japan. Also known as Nijisseiki Asian pear, 20th Century High in Vitamins C and K, and rich in fiber, the crisp fruits are often sliced and added to salads, baked into pies, and enjoyed as snacks. They can be hard to find at your local grocery store or farmers market in some places, but luckily, if you live in USDA Hardiness Zones 5-9, you can try your hand at growing them at home. But I adore eating them in salads, too, like this pear, currant, and hazelnut salad from our sister site, Foodal. Today we're showing you our very first harvest of our 20th Century Asian Pear. As with many other types of fruit trees, P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by being grafted onto rootstock of another variety. Originated in Japan in 1900, the cultivar is also called 'Nijisseki'. The site should receive at least eight hours of full sun every day in Zones 5-7. That should work well. If you notice the telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 12 inches below the first infected leaf. They’ll last between six months and one year in a cool, dry location. You can find trees available from Nature Hills Nursery. The first tree was named Shin Daihaku but changed to 20th Century If you’ve ever had this experience, consider me jealous, but in a good way. Fruit ripens in August. Often round like an apple, some P. pyrifolia cultivars are teardrop-shaped like their European counterparts. Once they’ve completely cooled off, store them in a tin cookie container and enjoy! Although it grows well in warmer locations, keep in mind you won’t get a good harvest with fewer than 300 chill hours. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these problems can … The resulting fruit turned out They'll make a fabulous, energetic hedgerow. Asian pears are either round with greenish-yellow skin, round with bronze skin, or pear-shaped with green or brown skin, depending on the cultivar you are growing. You can also spray horticultural oil, available from Arbico Organics, on the leaves and trunk to smother unhatched eggs. have showy purple to red stamen that result in prolific fruits in late summer. 20th Century is a widely adaptable variety. The best way to preserve them to eat whole? climates. They ripen on the tree and maintain a crisp, juicy texture. Always prune to an outside facing bud, to encourage the tree to develop a lovely shape. Pear Tree Care. You can add a three-inch layer of dark mulch to help keep the tree warm during the winter, and a light layer to help it keep cool during the summer. Water thoroughly and deeply, and make sure the pot is set in an area that receives full sun and is within 15 feet of another variety of Asian pear. If you’re growing trees grafted onto dwarf rootstock – aka dwarf cultivars of P. pyrifolia – you can plant them in containers. All Asian pear trees except ‘Shinko’ are susceptible to fire blight, but you can help prevent it by applying liquid copper, like BONIDE® Liquid Copper Fungicide from Arbico Organics, to the top of each bud when it breaks in the springtime. As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. The soil should be moderately loose, organically rich, and well-draining with a pH between 6 and 7. The tree blossomed this year, but of course I will remove any fruit as this is only the first year. Container trees are available at Nature Hills Nursery. Make a hole in the soil that’s as deep as the root ball and just a smidge wider. Replace it each season to keep that layer of protection over the tree’s root system. Then ‘Hosui,’ with its 10- to 20-foot height and spread and classic, russet, apple-shaped fruits, is the perfect cultivar for you. The 20th Century Asian Pear will set a much heavier crop when planted with one of the other Asian pear varieties. Estimated chill requirement: 300 to 400 hrs below 45°F. Maybe you know them as apple pears, papples, or nashi pears, but whatever you call them, the fruits of the Pyrus pyrifolia tree are delicious. A large round yellow fruit that stores well. Keeps well, up to six months. Place the root ball inside the hole and make sure the crown of the tree is level with the surface of the soil. Latest gardening tips simply add a balanced 10-10-10 ( NPK ) fertilizer to give the plant is 20th century pear tree care. 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